Makarios – know what that is? We typically read this in our Bible translated as Blessed or Happy. We’ve come to one of those passage quoted by many types of people. Even non-Christians know some of these. Let’s just go through and break them down a few at a time.
“Blessed [spiritually prosperous, happy, to be admired] are the poor in spirit[those devoid of spiritual arrogance, those who regard themselves as insignificant], for theirs is the kingdom of heaven [both now and forever]. Matthew 5
“Blessed [spiritually prosperous, happy, to be admired] are you who are poor [in spirit, those devoid of spiritual arrogance, those who regard themselves as insignificant], for the kingdom of God is yours [both now and forever]. Luke 6
In commentaries, we find some of the following on the word transcribed as “poor”:
rendered beggar (Vincent’s Word Study)
being deeply sensible of their sinfulness, guiltiness, helplessness (John Wesley)
they place themselves at the door of mercy, and knock there; their language is, “God be merciful”; their posture is standing, watching, and waiting, at wisdom’s gates (John Gill)
it is plainly a frame of mind which those terms are meant to express. Accordingly, our translators sometimes render such words “the humble” (Psa_10:12, Psa_10:17), “the meek” (Psa_22:26), “the lowly” (Pro_3:34), as having no reference to outward circumstances. (Jamieson-Fausset-Brown)
have a humble opinion of ourselves; to be sensible that we are sinners, and have no righteousness of our own; to be willing to be saved only by the rich grace and mercy of God; to be willing to be where God places us, to bear what he lays on us, to go where he bids us, and to die when he commands; to be willing to be in his hands, and to feel that we deserve no favor from him. It is opposed to pride, and vanity, and ambition. (Albert Barnes)
There seems to be agreement in the meaning of poor, and it not being related to wealth, money, and tangible items.
So the back to basics nugget I’m picking up would be knowing we are sinners, relying on God for everything, yet knowing we deserve nothing.
“Blessed [forgiven, refreshed by God’s grace] are those who mourn [over their sins and repent], for they will be comforted [when the burden of sin is lifted]. Matthew
Blessed[forgiven, refreshed by God’s grace] are you who weep now [over your sins and repent], for you will laugh [when the burden of sin is lifted]. Luke
In commentaries mourn is defined as:
Sorrow should make us look for the heart and hand of God and so find the comfort latent in the grief. (Robert’s Word Pictures)
For sin, for their own sins; the sin of their nature, indwelling sin, which is always working in them, and is a continual grief of mind to them; (John Gill)
Evidently it is that entire feeling which the sense of our spiritual poverty begets; and so the second beatitude is but the complement of the first. The one is the intellectual, the other the emotional aspect of the same thing. It is poverty of spirit that says, “I am undone”; and it is the mourning which this causes that makes it break forth in the form of a lamentation (Jamieson-Fausset-Brown)
As Christ came to preach repentance, to induce people to mourn over their sins and to forsake them, (Albert Barnes)
It almost reads as a second step to the previous – once we recognize who we are, we mourn it, lament about it, ask for forgiveness for it, then we will be comforted.